Psychosis is a mental health condition that temporarily alters an individual’s perception of reality, differing from the perspectives of those around them. Drug-induced psychosis occurs when a person experiences episodes of psychosis, such as delusions or hallucinations, as a direct result of substance misuse. Delusions refer to irrational beliefs that persist despite contradicting evidence, while hallucinations involve vivid sensory experiences of things that are not real, such as seeing, hearing, or feeling sensations that do not exist.
Substance misuse can either worsen existing mental illnesses like bipolar disorder or Schizophrenia, both of which are characterised by psychotic symptoms, or trigger their onset in individuals predisposed to such conditions. Drug-induced psychosis often stems from excessive consumption of a particular substance, leading to heightened toxicity levels that induce paranoia and a psychotic episode. It can also occur due to adverse reactions caused by mixing different substances or withdrawing from a drug, whether it was prescribed or not.
Some common causes associated with drug-induced psychosis:
Symptoms of drug-induced psychosis usually develop gradually, with the drug’s toxicity becoming increasingly dangerous as the individual becomes more dependent on it, both in terms of frequency and dosage. These symptoms may include :
Drug-induced psychosis is typically temporary and resolves once the effects of the substances wear off or are eliminated from the body. However, in some cases, individuals with a predisposition to mental illness may experience a more prolonged or recurrent psychotic disorder.
The treatment for substance-induced psychosis, which refers to psychotic symptoms triggered by substance use, typically involves addressing both the underlying substance use disorder and the acute psychotic symptoms. Here are some common approaches to treating substance-induced psychosis :
It’s important to note that treatment for substance-induced psychosis may vary based on the specific substances involved, the severity of psychosis, and individual factors. Seeking professional help from healthcare providers, addiction specialists, and mental health professionals is crucial for accurate assessment, diagnosis, and personalised treatment planning.